Arhive kategorija: Research Notes

Genetic code as the unity of chemism and semiosis

Abstract. The paper presents the properties of the genetic code (built from two components: amino acid and nucleotide component) in a new understanding, as the unity of chemism and semiosis. The connection between the two components is established through the three-membered nucleotide associations (three-letter „words“), the codons. In doing so, the Standard Genetic Code Table is viewed as a system-arrangement of strictly balanced and nuanced physico-chemical properties of amino acid molecules, with several „robust“ places; robust because they have a high amino acid diversity. …

[Updated on September 18, 2022]

GC as unity of chemism and semiosis

Raković, Dejan et al, Editors, 2011. Quantum-Informational Medicine, QIM, 2011, Partial Versus Holistic Oriented Approaches

Raković, Dejan et al, Editors, 2011. Quantum-Informational Medicine, QIM, 2011, Proceedings of Round Table Knowledge Federation Dialog, Belgrade, 2011: Partial Versus Holistic Oriented Approaches, 25 September 2011, Belgrade, Serbia, pp. 1 – 247.

Partial Versus Holistic Oriented Approaches

Announcement of a new paper: GENETIC CODE AS THE UNITY OF CHEMISM AND SEMIOSIS

Abstract. The paper presents the properties of the genetic code (built from two components, amino acid and nucleotide) in a new understanding, as the unity of chemism and semiosis. … With respect to the general biological principle „all or nothing“ („if anything, then everything“), codons „strive“ to reach a high and higher level of diversity in the act of chemical coding of amino acids, so much so that chemical coding in „vulnerable“ places turns into its opposite, begins to encode non-chemical entities as well. …

Chemism & Semiosis of GC

The universal code as a reality of holism“, pp. 210-221

Abstract. From ancient times it was thought that the codes and conventions are the basis of all cultural phenomena, and they have divided the world culture from the world of nature. The nature is governed by objective immutable laws, wherea s the culture is produced by mutable conventions of the human mind. However, the discovery of the genetic code in the early 1960s, like a bolt from the blue, shown that the barrier between nature and culture does not exist. It turned out that the genetic c ode, in its essence, is a metaphor, a secondary structure such as a computer program which allows us to represent the physical and chemical properties of molecules writing only the binary numbers. …

 

QIM_2011_KF_Round_Table_e-Proceeings_0

Genetic code as a unique system

Final comments: How has the genetic code become „from the beginning“ that what it was: why with those bases and that exact number of bases; why with those amino acids and why with that exact number of amino acids; with exactly 3 „stop“ codons in the alphabet which functions on the level of words, with exactly one termination situation in the alphabet which functions on the level of letters (as showed graphically in Figure 1 in Shcherbak, 1994, p 475)? All this follows from a strict determination by nucleon number presented in chapter 4 and a strict determination based on physical and chemical parameters presented in chapter 6. The genetic code, therefore, must be universal for life which could exist anywhere in the universe (with this the answer to question 1 from the Introduction has been given). But it is not universal in the sense that there is one-meaning correspondence between the words of one alphabet and the letters of the other alphabet in all cases. …

GC as a unique system

Genetic code: the unity of chemism and semiosis, A hypothesis (Synopsis)

This synopsis announces a regular paper on the same topic it provides evidence for three hypotheses: The unity of chemism and semiosis within genetic code; Boolean spaces are key determinants of the genetic code, and third: perfect and friendly numbers (as quantities within Boolean spaces) are key determinants of the Genetic code. DOI 10.31219/osf.io/me8sj

GC, Chemism and Semiosis